We know so much more about the brain than we did even 10 or 15 years ago thanks to research around the world led by organizations such the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) and the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS).
Individuals such as JoAnn Deak, Brian Knutson and Daniel Willingham have analyzed this research over many years and have written and presented compelling arguments and information for schools and teachers to improve teaching and learning.
In education we use this research (not enough in my opinion) to help us understand the best ways to learn. An example of this is how we now understand that the brain processes information in ‘working memory’ and transfers this information to ‘long term memory’. Another example is the way teachers help children to understand how they learn best –metacognition – as an important part of educating the whole child today.
We know from research that for us to learn most effectively, the learning needs to be at exactly the right level of difficulty. Too easy and we get distracted, too hard and we switch off. (How many times has a student described a lesson as ‘boring’ when it was actually too hard). This is what makes teaching so difficult and is why teachers require so much training and experience to meet the needs of their children.
I like to say that a teacher does not teach a class of say, 28 students, she teaches 28 individuals. If she is to personalize learning and help the child to learn at exactly the right level for optimum effectiveness, she needs to understand each individual child’s learning style and differentiate to support that child. So many schools and school systems don’t support this personalization of learning and teachers are forced to generalize or differentiate their teaching to reach groups of kids in their class rather than the individual child.
Computer games companies spend time and money on analyzing the same brain research as we educators do. Their motive (to sell lots of games and make money) may be completely different to ours at school but the goal is the same. Computer games companies want their games to be ENGAGING, ACHIEVABLE and ADDICTIVE.
Achievable, for the reasons I have mentioned (not too easy and not too hard). Educators need to focus on these things. If we can get kids to be ‘engaged’ and ‘addicted’ to learning, we’re on the right path!
Twitter has been around for a few years now (July 2006 to be precise) and has evolved from being purely a micro-social networking opportunity to tell your followers that you are say, in Starbucks enjoying a nice strawberries and cream Frappuccino, to a useful tool for sharing ideas, opinions and stories.
We all know how influential twitter has been in recent uprisings around the world and has given us the power to be journalists one and all. The first on the scene (sometimes the only one on the scene). Like many of these social media start-ups, the public has taken the idea and re-shaped it into something useful to their lives. True, some people still talk about their Frappuccinos, but I find these tend to be either celebrities or people with rather sad lives (sometimes both). Take Justin Bieber for example. He currently has the most followers in the world on Twitter (just over 34 million people). He, like many other celebs, has turned from just being quite a good singer (debatable I know) to a wanna be philosopher and social commentator. A recent tweet to his followers read “If U wanna succeed U gotta put in the work”. Thanks Justin, for that pearl of wisdom.
What about us educators? How could twitter be useful? Well I can honestly say that I find it the most useful professional development tool I have come across. If you select the people you follow carefully and make lists so that the account doesn’t become unmanageable, it can be very useful. I for example follow a number of Middle School principals from around the world who tweet really useful links to articles and personal observations. I follow teachers, politicians, news organizations, NGOs and comedians.
And then there’s the classroom. Yes it can be an extremely useful tool, but I would always say you need to identify a need that will support your class before you try. The link below has many links to uses for twitter in the classroom.
I haven’t written about how to use twitter in this article because I think the best way to learn is to:
1) Ask someone who’s using it
2) PLAY with it.
In case you’re interested, my twitter name is @kestnertweet
Give it a go it might change your life!
This is quite possibly the best (and funniest) graphic representation of ‘Life Long Learning’ I’ve seen. Thanks to Dennis Littky for tweeting this.
A good teacher has always been much more than a giver of information, the source of knowledge. A good teacher is a coach, guide, mentor and facilitator; someone who is always curious and always seeking to learn; someone who celebrates not knowing, the unknown and seeks truth and meaning.
High stakes testing and content driven curricula have driven many schools to teach to the test and try to reach unreachable targets as they fight for funding and ultimately their existence.
The teacher is caught up in the middle of this senseless storm. She needs to teach in a way that is counter to the way she really wants to be. The ‘giving of information’ part of her role becomes the dominant method and she is forced to compromise her skills and passion as she fills up kids with meaningless facts and shallow tests in terms of higher level thinking skills.
The World Wide Web has revolutionized access to information. With so much instantly available, some fear that the role of the teacher will be diminished, but I feel that the teachers’ role will be strengthened. Teachers now can focus on what they really were meant to be. The role of a coach and guide; someone who can help kids navigate the world and bring out their natural curiosity; someone who can help the kids grab hold of that curiosity and guide them through exploration and action.
Doctors too are going through a similar journey. Patients are coming to them with a list of possible symptoms, and their role has taken on that of a guide based on experience with people-real people.
Some teachers fear loss of control and the loss of power. These are the teachers who went into the profession for the control and power.
Good teachers, the ones who went into the profession for the right reasons can breathe a sigh of relief. Finally, the Internet revolution will lead to the education revolution.
This long overdue revolution will, I believe, come from the kids themselves. They are now finding their voice and they will no longer accept the school system as it is. They will no longer conform to a pattern of learning foreign to how they were born to learn.
Like countries have toppled their governments after years of tyranny and suppression, so too will kids topple the system, which has for too long suppressed their natural way of learning.
“Focus on local, let the environment lead and build like your grandchildren will” – John Hardy
Personalizing Learning- Rethinking Education
I recently spent a day in the life of a 7th grader at my school. To all intents and purposes I was a new student and I shadowed a class all day. Double Social Studies- French – Maths, English and Double Art.
Our teachers are doing a great job in an education system the world over which has been geared towards an emphasis on knowledge acquisition and de-personalization. At our school we have developed and are piloting a curriculum which focuses on 7 key competencies we would like our children to have. (Below-excuse the poor quality of picture)
We have a lot of work to do, in particular, how to tackle the issues of personalizing learning for our kids as much as possible. Helping them to learn within a framework which connects to them. Not so much real world learning, which are often proposed by teachers as examples of how their subject relates to the ‘real’ world but THEIR WORLD learning. If motivation is vital to learning then we need to be finding ways of connecting to their world, family, history and culture.
Back to being a 7th grader. Apart from being told in the playground at recess that my jeans were “SO two thousand and ten” I felt accepted and cared for.
The English class focused on helping students to come up with ideas for creative writing.
What if………? We were invited to think about.
Some of the examples the kids came up with were:
……if we eat an apple and we suddenly had super powers
……if we could go forward or back in time
Mine was…..”What if there was a school where there are no grades, no homework and you learn about what interests you?”
Thunderous applause in the classroom and comments which revolved around the absurdity of the idea/impossible/crazy etc. (as if it were more crazy etc. than the first two examples!)
Well it’s not absurd. Scroll down this blog page and play yourself the Dennis Littky at TedXNYEd clip to see a system being used which works.
We may not be able to change the schools we are part of that radically or quickly overnight, but something to aim at…..possible….? YES.